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O. Sineokiy

Rock music in the recording system of the USSR and the countries of Eastern Europe: the 1960–1980s

The sphere of music recording in the USSR and the countries of Eastern Europe is represented by the author of the article in the form of some conventional system. The features of the latter are revealed in the context of the national rock music formation and evolution in each of the former socialist countries for a period of the second half of the XXth century. The focus of researcher’s attention is organizational and creative interactions between recording and rock music in the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia, GDR, Yugoslavia, Poland, Bulgaria and Romania. The retrospective analysis of the appropriate recording model in the socialist countries is proposed, the appropriatenesses of the development and functioning peculiarities of institutions in recording are elucidated. The author of the article examines a number of examples which are connected with the putting of some «worship» records – releases of the famous Western rock ensembles. Hence the non-standard strategies of music management that worked in the concrete historical conditions are noted. Among them are first of all the mechanisms of available phonograms selection for the propose of an official editing for mass consumption (in particular the widely-distributed scheme: «from an anonymous promotion – to the anonymous musical material»). The similarities and differences in the recording systems organization conformably to rock music of these countries are exposed. The researcher brings forward the author’s interpretation of the rock music recording sphere in the Soviet Union and the countries of Eastern Europe as a complex communication cluster, with the fully formed stable rules and specific principles.

Key words

rock music, sound recording, label, industry of recording, release, mechanisms of cultural communications.