The influence of the cultural-economic situation of 1990s–2010s on the repertoire politics of Russian theatres
The article is devoted to analysis of the impact of cultural and economic policy plans of the Russian repertory Opera houses. The author describes various models of funding for musical theaters in Russia and in European countries. Special attention is paid to the percentage of funding of cultural organizations by various social institutions (government, philanthropy, self-repayment). The economy of culture in Russia is considered in the context of its historical development and transformation. The author evaluates the results of the Russian economic policy reform in the late XX – early XXI century on the background of global changes in the political system, examines the influence of market relations in the life of opera houses in general, and repertoire policy in particular. The attention is payed to the role of opera critics in the repertoire strategy making in music theaters. It indicates the relationship between the changed economic conditions and the development of stage-directorial theater; the lack of adequate funding has stimulated creativity of the stage directors, projecting their views on the repertory sheets of opera houses. It is noted that the penetration of innovative interpretations of classic operas on stage is determined by the transition of the theaters to the actual self-repayment. So the dynamics shows that theaters’ repertoire has transformed under the influence of changing conditions of social life and economy.
economy of theaters, cultural and economic policy, policy repertoire, modern opera stage direction.