The four seasons theme through the prism of national traditions in works by composers of the 20th – early 21st centuries
The article is devoted to the problem of translating national traditions into works with the four seasons theme in the 20th – early 21st centuries. This or that national coloring can manifest in a musical composition by means of a diverse set of components such as the idiom elements provided with a connection with folklore, and a genre basis as well as by means of specific features of speech intonations, religious traditions, and national literary sources (tales, myths, legends, traditions). The purpose of this article is to study the national nature of works on the four seasons theme which were created by composers in the 20th – early 21st centuries. “The four seasons” is an eternal theme as it expresses the objective laws of the world order. By personifying moral and ideological attitudes which are significant for the humanity, it is incorporated repeatedly into works regardless of geographic and spatio-temporal factors. In different eras, artists have introduced a relevant for a given time period meaning into its content. For many composers, the four seasons theme is a reflection of harmony, order, and rooted traditions. In this regard, the four seasons theme has an out-of-time nature in arts, and preserves its topicality, value and importance for a particular era. The main meaningful component of this theme is considered as an image of the artistic picture of the world in the mind of the artist-creator of a particular work, such an image being composed by its author himself. In the compositions written on this theme by a number of composers of the 20th – early 21st centuries, a great emphasis is placed on different national traditions. Some authors focus on certain cultural toposes, others turn to folk music, still others pay their attention to the philosophical aspect of the eternal theme content. Being very diversified, the national component clearly manifests through the prism of the four seasons theme, which remains in demand in musical art for many centuries.
national traditions, artistic picture of the world, four seasons, eternal theme.
Shibinskaya A. The four seasons theme through the prism of national traditions in works by composers of the 20th – early 21st centuries // South-Russian musical anthology. 2020. No 1. Pp. 63–70.