Professional oral tradition and compositional art as directions of development of the national school of composition in Dagestan
The article is devoted to the problem of origin and development of the Dagestan National School of Composition. The type of European musical professionalism took root in Dagestan art as a result of synthesis of the oral folk professional and written European traditions. The fixation of Dagestan folklore by invited musicians, ethnographers, historians, and teachers is highlighted. From the author’s point of view, the formation of professional composition in Dagestan dates back to the post–revolutionary years, when Russian composers start to base their academic music pieces on Dagestan musical folklore, among those are piano miniatures by E. Yudina “Dagestan children”, “Suites on folk Dagestan themes” for violin and piano by I. Safonova. Having mastered the polyphonic principles, a new genre system, local artists compose works in various musical genres. Illustrative, according to the author, are “Prelude and Fugue” for piano Op. 6 and “Lezginka” (Rondo) for string quartet by D. Dalgat. The turn of the 1930s-40s stands out, being marked by the transition to the professional stage of formation of the Dagestan school of composition. The opera “Khochbar” (1937) by G. Hasanov, which testifies to the nationwide way of Dagestan musical culture growth, is illustrative in this regard. The author believes that a special rise of the national art is connected with the opening of the Union of Composers of Dagestan in 1954. During this decade, Dagestan professional music was enriched with a number of significant compositions, such as opera “Aigazi” (1952) by N. Dagirov, Dagestan Suite on themes of Lezgian folk melodies (1954) by S. Agababov, Symphonic paintings “Dagestan” (1955) by M. Kazhlaev, the Second Piano Concerto (1959) by G. Gasanov.
oral professionalism, monody principles, Gottfried Hasanov, Dagestan school of composition.
Abdulaev M. Professional oral tradition and compositional art as directions of development of the national school of composition in Dagestan // South-Russian Musical Anthology. 2022. No. 3. Pp. 110-115.