Pigulevskiy V., Mirskaya L.
Mandala and transcending in art
The analysis of art in the structure of civilization from the position of archetypes allows us to see the features of transcendence in the modern and postmodern periods. Mandala – symbolic expression of the archetype of the integrity of the world and man, external, physical and spiritual, divine. In the history of culture, the mandala also symbolizes the cycle of life and death, the seasonal cycles of nature, the daily cycle and the “eternal return”, that is, the experience of time. The quadrature of a circle with a sacred center – the horizon of the world and orientation to the cardinal directions, the chronotype of culture. The symbolism of the mandala unfolds as a phenomenology of time. There is a difference between natural time, historical progress, and the time of “experiencing life”. Human time is a transcendence of the subject beyond the limits of the given, vital, aspiration to the spiritual center. The experience of time is a way of expressing the spiritual in art. In romanticism, this is an escape to the universe of the spirit, opposed to external reality, and the discovery of the abyss, the baselessness of the spirit. Surrealism constructs phantasmagoria of stopped time. The literature of the stream of consciousness is fascinated by duration, the current present, the synthesis of which is memory. Literary existentialism considers the structure of temporality, or finiteness, as the fundamental project of the individual. In transcending beyond reality, subjective self-absorption reaches its limits, revealing Nothing. The turn from modern intellectualism to postmodern corporeality and textuality means that the individual is immersed in a labyrinth of signs and stories told. In the texts and hypertexts of culture, a person loses the historical perspective and gets stuck in modernity. Art becomes a transcendence beyond the symbolic horizon, beyond the boundaries of big ideas and the search for marginal meanings. However, the attention to subjectivity in modern art has contributed to the deepening of interest in the unconscious and personal meaning. The postmodern culture situation has rediscovered the value of corporeality in the absence of centering meanings.
mandala, labyrinth, archetype, time, duration, finiteness, modern, postmodern.
Pigulevskiy V., Mirskaya L. Mandala and transcending in art // South-Russian musical anthology. 2020. No 2. Pp. 19–27.