Egorova M., Kruchinina A.
The Antiphonary to Saint Peter of Moscow in context of the Old Russian singing art in the middle of the 17th century
The article is devoted to a unique Old Russian chant in honor of Saint Peter, Metropolitan of Moscow, preserved in a single copy of the mid-17th century and possessing a special musical form that combines the intonation lexicon of all eight modes. The material of the research was a notated manuscript of the 50s of the 17th century originating in Moscow – Sticherarion «D’yach’e oko» from the collection of Archpriest Dmitry Razumovsky No. 379 (Russian State Library), containing several similar chants glorifying Russian saints such as St. Theodore, Konstantin and David Yaroslavsky, Peter and Fevronia Muromsky, Vasily Moskovsky, Alexander Nevsky, Vasily and Konstantin Yaroslavsky, Procopius Ustyuzhsky. The Sticheron Antiphonary to Metropolitan Peter, whose veneration has been widespread in Russia since the 14th century, is considered, in the context of the history of Old Russian singing art and liturgical culture of the late Middle Ages, as an outstanding work of an unknown musician, intended to be performed by the tomb of St. Peter in the Assumption Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin on the Saint’s day. The article suggests that the form of a musical and poetic text derives from the social and cultural connotations of the space in which it sounded during the so-called “rite of kissing” in the immediate proximity to the shrine with the relics. The analysis of the artistic structure proves the close connection of musical interpretation with those motives of the poetic text that, in the context of worship, actualize the semantics of worship of the sacred relics. The authors come to conclusion that the leading role in the musical form of the chant is played by vocal fragments, that create the performative image of the locus sacrus of the Saint’s tomb, and the artistic form is not only due to the singing tradition, but also to the ceremoniousness of worship, which is typical for the mid-17th century.
Old Russian singing art, Octoechos, tradition of worshiping relics, Antiphonary to St. Peter of Moscow, performative image.
Egorova M., Kruchinina A. The Antiphonary to Saint Peter of Moscow in context of the Old Russian singing art in the middle of the 17th century // South-Russian musical anthology. 2020. No. 4. Pp. 83–92.