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A. Tsuker

Igor Stravinsky in the light of Pushkin’s tradition

It is widely known that Stravinsky embraced multiple compositional styles, changing them not only on a scale of large time periods (a Russian period, a neoclassical period, a serial period), but in the chronologically close compositions. At the same time composer’s stylistic metamorphoses does not exclude presence of common features that manifest on the different levels. Author emphasizes that they should be seen, first of all, in composer’s personal, individual features as a human and an artist, in the resilience of his nature, his ethics, life outlook and facts that shaped them. Among those factors one of the prior ones is Pushkin’s tradition. The article reveals the essence of this notion. One of the fundamental features that connect Pushkin and Stravinsky is their universalism. Poet and composer are united by the large historical and cultural spectrum of the models they use – from antiquity to the 20th century, – brave experimentation that reveals their endless creativity that at the same time modifies them beyond all recognition. Universalism of the two artists lies in the constant connection of high and low, complex and simple, philosophically abstract and ordinary. Such contrasts often create bright ironically grotesque effects. Irony is one of the qualities that brings Stravinsky closer to Pushkin’s tradition: neither literature style of a poet, nor the creative style of a composer cam be imagined without this quality. Harmony of Pushkin’s style, pursuit of a balance, structure and order became a powerful artistic tradition for Stravinsky. Innovative courage of musical genious of 20th century, breaking all the canons, was combined, Pushkin-like, with the organizational rational root, constructiveness and perfect discipline.

Key words

Pushkin’s tradition, style, universalism, irony, anti-romanticism, harmony, neoclassicism, rationalism.

For citation

Tsuker A. Igor Stravinsky in the light of Pushkin’s tradition // South-Russian Musical Anthology. 2022. No. 2. Pp. 5-13.