Timbre aspects of traditional instrumental Indonesian music
The article discusses the role of timbre (timbre-form) in Indonesian instrumental music as an example of one of the demonstrations of traditional Indonesian culture phenomena – trance action Reyog Ponorogo. The researcher points out the need for adequate methodological approaches in the study of musical artifacts from cultures mythological type. In this regard, it presented the socio-cultural context of the trance that shown its role in traditional Indonesian culture. Attention is drawn to the religious and philosophical ideas, which is the basis of the twin myths (twin brother and sister), typical for South-East Asia. It is noted feature of the twins of mythology: the combination of mythological opposites in a mythological way. The author believes that it is tonal aspect of trance action helps to identify specific patterns of structuring time ritual space timbre-form level (tone-color, timbre- rhythm and timbre-intonation relations) under heterophony. We give a literary foundation trance action. It describes the tools gamelan orchestra. Results timbre-form analysis, rhythm, mood, intonation unique action Reyog Ponorogo support the idea of the author of the specific relationship of all presentation elements, including its structure, the color symbolism. The observed relationship of color and timbre-form defines deep trance basis of the action - the twins it is a myth. Timbre-form under heterophony interacts with elements of trance. The conclusion of the manifestation of the unity and diversity of the cosmos (the Indonesian mythopoethic picture of the world), in a trance action Reyog Ponorogo, because duality is related to the myth the twins, while trinity is observed at the level of semantics gamelan tuning the system involved in the trance action.
timbre, timbre-form, heterophony, musicology methodology, trance act, color symbolism, twins it a myth.