Traditional Song as a Cultural Genotype of Modern Choir Music (on the Problem of Methods of Transformation of Folklore)
The article attempts to substantiate the genetic relationships of modern choral music and folk singing art. In view of the considerable interest in the problem of borrowing professional art of folklore sources, the methods of working with them as well as the terminological aspects of the interaction of folk and composer creativity are consistently considered. As a common feature, combining various compositional methods, the author sees a free interpretation of the original source, allowing it to invade the author’s style field while preserving the genre features of folk melody and a significant transformation of choral writing methods. A strong genetic connection of professional art with folk song sources ensures the careful preservation of the genre basis of the chosen folklore model. Processing allows the use of techniques that reflect the folk nature of popular polyphony with a varied presentation of harmony and texture, and also gives considerable freedom to interpret the transformed components up to merge with the author’s context. Citing under the conditions of a free approach to the original source becomes a carrier of national authenticity, bringing the work to the level of intonational generalization. Stylization as one of the most important tools for recreating the folk original source is embodied through specific techniques of the composer’s technique, realized both through the preservation of its semantic level, and with the help of free forms of transformation of borrowed material. The principles of working with folklore, with all their differences, become in modern choral art a tool that embodies the deep connections of professional composer and folk singing art.
folk source, composer, genetic relationships, processing, quoting, stylization, transformation.