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I. Smagina

Symphony Orchestra in Tsaritsyn – Stalingrad

This article covers the formation of the main stages of the development of orchestral traditions in Tsaritsyn - Stalingrad (1910–1961). The author presents several attempts to create a stationary symphony orchestra in Tsaritsyn (1910, 1918); Stalingrad (1935–1940, 1947). Their consideration is given in comparison with the general course of the formation of Russian orchestras (with some examples from the history of musical culture of Tambov, Yekaterinburg, Rostov-on-Don), as well as taking into account the peculiarities of the historical and cultural path of Tsaritsyn - Stalingrad. Describing the problems and difficulties that impede the appearance of a stationary symphony orchestra in Tsaritsyn district and the regional capital of Stalingrad, the author identifies the role of personalities in one way or another connected with his creative activity: in particular, the educated music lover A. V. Lapshin and A. E. Margulyan (Tsaritsyn period), I. M. Vareikis, L. M. Ginzburg, K. Adler, G. Y. Yudina, B. I. Berman (Stalingrad period).

Key words

Tsaritsyn-Stalingrad Symphony Orchestra, A. Lapshin, A. Margulyan, L. Ginzburg, K. Mazur, G. Yudin, B. Berman.