Instrumental chamber genres in spanish music of the first half of the 20th Century and the oeuvre of Joaquin Turina
The article is devoted to the instrumental chamber music of the greatest Spanish composer of the first half of the 20th century – Joaquin Turina. The author outlines style movements and features of the Spanish music of the 19th and 20th centuries, traces the continuity and innovation of the composer’s oeuvre compared to that of his predecessors and contemporaries. The chamber works of J. Turina are considered in the context of the Romantic European tradition and the New musical Renaissance in Spain. The examples serve to reveal some of the properties, typical of Spanish musical culture. The article identifies the main stages of the composer’s evolution in the field of instrumental chamber music, estimates the genre range and discusses special features of interpreting each of the genres. The evolution falls into three stages, without significant changes in the style which was established in the early period. Turina worked with traditional chamber genres such as a string quartet, piano trio, sonata (for violin and piano), variations, as well as a suite (for voice, piano and a string quartet). The composer individualizes them, introducing Spanish character, as well as features of musical folklore related to intonation, rhythm and harmony. The changes affect the treatment of the cycle (he experiments with the number of movements), the form of each movement (particularly evident are the changes in the sonata genre). The research results in the conclusion that Turina is a rightful founder of national chamber music. His music had a direct impact on the development of Spanish school of composition in the 20th century.
New musical Renaissance, Renacimiento, Spanish music of the 19th and the first half of the 20th centuries, instrumental chamber music, Joaquin Turina, string quartet, sonata, piano trio.
Visaitova D. Instrumental chamber genres in Spanish music of the first half of the 20th century and the oeuvre of Joaquin Turina // South-Russian musical anthology. 2020. No 2. Pp. 48–54.