Vocal breathing: views of masters in the end of the 19th – beginning of the 21st centuries
The author of the article notes that in the mind of a professional vocalist, the performing processes of singing and breathing are inextricably linked. The modern pedagogical community of academic, popular and folk vocal schools has developed a variety of methodological recommendations on training however the fundamental principles of staging singing breathing are the topic of lively discussions today. This article characterizes different, and sometimes diametrically opposed views of specialists from the end of the 19th century to the present era on this issue, which naturally retains a priority place in vocal performance and education. The author of the article refers to the publications of prominent representatives of the academic (I. Pryanishnikov, M. Deisha-Sionitskaya, V. Morozov, V. Emel’yanov, G. Stulova), popular (S. Riggs) and folk (N. Meshko) singing schools. Each of the above-mentioned masters has made an invaluable contribution to the development of vocal art over the years of his fruitful and multifaceted activity, having developed and successfully tested a unique method of working with the vocal apparatus. The analysis of the involved scientific and methodological works makes it possible to streamline the very extensive terminology used by specialists to classify the types of vocal breathing. In addition, the most important theoretical principles associated with the main approaches to the formation of singing breathing that are common today are highlighted: on the one hand, its setting can appear as the fundamental principle of the natural and free sounding of the voice, and on the other hand, it can be characterized as an excessive complication of the pedagogical process requiring rationalization and consciously focused on the efficiency of the individual components of the vocal apparatus (larynx or resonators).
vocal breathing, voice apparatus, Russian schools of the singing art, author’s methods of voice training, types of vocal breathing.
Luganskaya E. Vocal breathing: views of masters in the end of the 19th – beginning of the 21st centuries // South-Russian Musical Anthology. 2022. No. 3. Pp. 38-43.